Stock Market Basics: 7 Tips For Beginners

Author: Finscreener

Estimated read time: 5 minutes

Publication date: 16th Jun 2023 11:40 GMT+1

If you're new to the stock market scene, you may feel like the odd one out. Movies, news shows, and TV imply everyone should already know how it works. However, understanding how the stock market functions and why stocks fluctuate can be tricky for beginners. Before you figure out how to invest your hard-earned money, we would like to share tips that will be useful for new traders or investors.


7 tips for stock trading for beginners

#1 Know the fundamentals

When you buy stocks, you become a partial owner of a company and may be entitled to a portion of its earnings. As a beginner in the market, it's essential to understand basic metrics such as revenue and earnings per share (EPS), which indicates a company's profit allocated per share of stock.

Publicly traded companies disclose their earnings and financial information, including EPS, every quarter. Therefore, it's recommended that you review a company's recent earnings history and compare it to analyst estimates before investing in any stock. Check if the company consistently beats or falls short of EPS forecasts and review its upcoming events calendar.


#2 Make friends with math

Investing and trading require a calculated approach based on numbers. This means analyzing risk and potential rewards, distinguishing between high and low value, and other numerical factors. Applying math to investment strategies is similar to the research done before purchasing real estate. According to some investors, if you're not doing the math, you're not truly investing.

Want to get started on number-crunching? Begin by looking at the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio, a commonly used benchmark for determining a stock's value. P/E ratios, or multiples, measure how much investors are willing to pay per dollar of a company's earnings.


#3 Create a diversified portfolio

Investing in an index fund presents several benefits, one of which is gaining exposure to a range of stocks at once. A diversified fund based on the S&P 500, for instance, can provide ownership in hundreds of companies across various industries. alternatively, you can opt for a narrowly focused fund that centers on one or two industries.

The advantage of diversification lies in reducing the risk of any one stock negatively impacting your portfolio's performance, which can lead to better overall returns. On the other hand, putting all your money into one individual stock is risky and could lead to significant losses.

Purchasing an ETF or a mutual fund is the easiest way to achieve a well-diversified portfolio, as these products inherently provide diversification. If in doubt, you can send an online fax to a more experienced trader who provides financial advice. All you need to do is download this app from the App Store. With the fax app, you can send faxes directly from your smartphone.


#4 Mentally prepare for the unexpected

Investors often struggle with accepting losses in their investments, especially with the fluctuating stock market. However, diversifying your portfolio can minimize the impact of any single stock on your overall return. Even index funds are not immune to fluctuations, so risk cannot be entirely eliminated. It's important to prepare for downturns instead of second-guessing your choices when the market changes. Don't let your emotions guide your decisions, or you may end up buying high and selling low during a panic.


#5 Give priority to long-term investments

Investing requires a long-term perspective, advises Keady. To achieve this, it's important to detach yourself from daily financial news. This allows you to develop patience, which is essential to succeed in investing over time. Additionally, checking your portfolio infrequently can help avoid the emotional ups and downs that can lead to impulsive decisions. These tips are especially helpful for beginners who may struggle with managing their emotions when investing. Keady acknowledges that constant exposure to negative news can be overwhelming, so it's wise to limit your exposure. Beginners can benefit from setting a schedule for evaluating their portfolio to avoid panic selling during volatile times.


#6 Use technical indicators

Chart patterns, trading volume statistics, and technical indicators are commonly used by market professionals to make buying and selling decisions. They analyze "momentum" readings and look for developing price trends or potential reversals. As a stock market beginner, you can apply similar practices to identify trends. One useful tool is to combine the 30-day simple moving average with the more recent 10-day exponential moving average to see where a stock has been moving and where it might be headed. Remember: "The trend is your friend."


#7 Keep investing over time

Building real wealth takes time and discipline, not just a one-time investment. By saving some of your paychecks regularly, you can continually add money to your investments and maximize your growth potential in the stock market. If you have a 401(k) retirement account, you may already be doing this. But even if you don't, many brokerages offer the option to set up automatic transfers and investments. Automating the process can make it even easier to secure your financial future.



Investing in the stock market can be overwhelming if you're just starting out. But by following some of these basic tips, you can make the process easier and get on your way to achieving financial success. Above all, remember that staying diversified and investing over time will help maximize your returns in the long run. Good luck!

Disclaimer: The writer is an experienced financial consultant who writes for The observations he makes are his own and are not intended as investment or trading advice.